La Houille Blanche
Number 6, Octobre 1989
|Page(s)||443 - 462|
|Published online||01 October 2009|
Etude des phénomènes d'entraînement d'air. Application aux évacuateurs de crue
A study of air entrainment. Application to spilway design.
Cavitation erosion damage to spillway surfaces may be prevented with the use of aeration devices, called aerators. These serve to introduce air in the layers close to the channel bottom in order to reduce the cavitation damage.
The performances of spillway aerator are studied with data obtained on a steep spillway model and high velocities (from 4 m/s up to 15 m/s). Air concentration and velocity profiles at various cross-sections above and downstream of the aerator are presented and analyzed. They provide a better understanding of the air entrainment processes occurring above a bottom aerator.
A new analysis of the flow downstream of an aerator is presented and this contributes to a new method for the determination of aerator spacing.
© Société Hydrotechnique de France, 1989
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