La Houille Blanche
Number 6, Décembre 2006
|Page(s)||105 - 112|
|Published online||01 June 2007|
Confrontation de la simulation numérique de l’étalement de laves torrentielles boueuses à des observations d’événements réels
Comparison of Numerical Simulation of Viscous Debris-Flow Spreading to Records of Real Events
Cemagref – Unité de Recherche Erosion Torrentielle, Neige et Avalanches – BP 76, Domaine Universitaire, F-38402 Saint-Martin-d’Hères cedex, France
2 Universität für Bodenkultur – Institut für Alpine Naturgefahren und Forstliches Ingenieurwesen, Peter Jordan Strasse 82, A-1190 Vienne, Autriche
Auteur de correspondance : firstname.lastname@example.org
The topic of the present study is the comparison of numerical simulations to records of real events of spreading of mud/debris-flow on torrent alluvial fans. This application is based on 2 events which occurred in the Wartschenbach (Austria, 1997) and the Varunasch (Switzerland, 1987) torrents. The numerical model is based upon the two-dimensional form of the shallow-water-equations and a Herschel-Bulkley constitutive equation for the flowing material. Arcview GIS is used to generate the model input data and represent the results of computations. The methods used to deduce the model input data from available records are presented and discussed. For each case examined, the computed map of deposits, is compared to related descriptions of real events. A good concordance between model predictions and reality is observed. An analysis of the sensitivity of the model to variations of input parameters values is also carried out. The dominating effect of the quality of the digital elevation model, of rheological parameters values (especially the yield stress) and of the volume assessment on the accuracy of the result is established. However, the influence of the accuracy of input parameters values remains variable from one case to another.
Mots clés : Laves torrentielles boueuses
© Société Hydrotechnique de France, 2006
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