La Houille Blanche
Number 1, Février 2008
|Page(s)||101 - 108|
|Section||Barrages : dissipation d’énergie|
|Published online||20 March 2008|
Ecoulements aérés sur évacuateurs en marches d’escalier équipées de macro-rugosités - Partie II : dissipation d’énergie
Aerated flows on stepped chutes with macro-roughness elements - Part II : Energy dissipation
Canton de Vaud – Département de la sécurité et de l’environnement – Service des eaux, sols et assainissement Rue du Valentin 10 – CH-1014 Lausanne, Suisse
2 Laboratoire de Constructions Hydrauliques - Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne – CH-1015 Lausanne, Suisse
Auteur de correspondance : email@example.com
An experimental research of flow on different systems of stepped overlays for 18.6° and 30° slopes was conducted. In addition to define flow characteristics (Part I), the study highlighted the existence of an homogeneous aerated flow in which drag effect caused by the macro-roughness contribute significantly in the energy dissipation process. The analysis of the different flow depths and of several macro-roughness systems lead to an accurate method for estimation of residual energy of the aerated turbulent flow. Finally, based on the hydraulic behaviour of aerated turbulent flow and on the measured pressures on macro-roughness elements as well as on the energy dissipation efficiency of the tested systems, recommendations for the design of an optimal protection overlay for overtopped embankment dams are given.
© Société Hydrotechnique de France, 2008
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