La Houille Blanche
Numéro 3, Juin 2008
|Page(s)||88 - 96|
|Section||Gestion active des eaux - Paris, 12-13 juin 2007|
|Publié en ligne||10 juillet 2008|
Entre création de ressource et mesures réglementaires : quelle place pour la gestion de la demande en eau d’irrigation en Charente ?
Between regulatory and resource creation measures : which place for irrigation water demand management in Charente river basin ?
Cemagref UMR G-EAU - 361 rue Jean François Breton, BP 5095 34196 Montpellier Cedex 5 – France
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Because of an important increase of irrigated area since the 70s, Charente river basin face important imbalance between the available water resources that is very sensible to climatic variability and uses. Favoured by the 1992 French water act, rending the metering progressively obligatory and that recommend dialogue among water actors, a volumetric management mechanism has progressively been implemented, especially in the upstream Charente river basin since the Mas Chaban dam creation that allow to resupply the river. This article presents the volumetric based management instruments implemented in this basin, discusses its effectiveness and propose an alternative management system based on an optional water pricing and on a new water consumption declaration system. We then highlight that this demand management instrument, for a comparable effectiveness, is less costly than the regulatory measures already adopted by river basin authorities and the farmers preferred measure that consist in creating new resources.
Key words: charente / gestion de la demande / irrigation / analyse coût efficacité / économie
© Société Hydrotechnique de France, 2008