La Houille Blanche
Number 6, Octobre 2000
|Page(s)||87 - 92|
|Published online||01 July 2009|
Projet GAP (Guneydogu Anadolu Projesi) Anatolie du sud-est (Turquie)
The GAP projet (Guneydogu Anadolu Projesi) in south-east Anatoly (Turkey)
Ingénieur général du Génie rural, des Eaux et des Forêts
The GAP Project (Guneydogu Anadolu Projesi) in Turkey is the most important regional development project in the world. It concerns the catchments of Euphrate and Tigre rivers. The total cost of the infrastructures is estimated at U.S. $ 32 billions, with 22 dams (the largest one is ATATURK dam - 48,7 billions m3 and 2400 MW - in operation since 1993) and 19 hydropower stations. 1,78 million hectares will be irrigated. With the GAP Project, Turkey will increase its power production by 35% and its irrigated area by more than 50%. For Turkey this project is politically important, as the concerned area has a majority of Kurd population. But it is also a cause of tension in the Middle East, where water is a disputed resource, between Turkey and Syria and Irak.
© Société Hydrotechnique de France, 2000
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